The world is big a strange place filled with bizarre things you never even knew existed. It's hard to believe that these bizarre weather phenomena are real.
When a volcanic eruption is big enough, you can capture an amazing picture like this one that shows huge lighting bolts accompanied by hot lava. Volcanic lightning can occur with smaller eruptions, but they're not as easily visible. The storms usually start up before the actual eruption, which makes it hard for scientists to study the phenomena.
It's believed that this crazy mix of lightning and lava occurs due to positively charged material within the volcano being shot up into the atmosphere. The atmosphere balances out it's charge distribution through the creation of lightning.
Sun dogs, a.k.a Parhelia or Mock Suns, are two spots of light, one on both sides of the sun, that are connected to a halo that encompasses the sun. This light effect is caused by sun light bouncing off ice crystals in the atmosphere. They're usually best seen when the sun is near the horizon.
Catatumbo lightning is a unique weather phenomena that only occurs over the mouth of the Catatumbo river in Venezuela. The most defining characteristic of this storm is the power and the frequency of the lightning. This concentrated lightning storm, which can last for 10 hours, is one of the world's largest single generators of tropospheric ozone and happens 140 to 160 times a year.
The name fire rainbows is deceiving as these are actually created by ice crystals located in the cirrus level of the sky. Like sun dogs, fire rainbows are a type of ice halo, but the halo is so broad that it gives the appearance that the arc is parallel to the ground. These are very rare to see because a specific list of things have to occur in order for it to work. These include the sun being at an elevation greater then 58 degrees, the presence of high altitude cirrus clouds with plate shaped ice crystals, and the sunlight hitting the crystals in the right direction.
Limnic Eruptions (Death Fog)
Limnic Eruptions, a.k.a. death fog, are an extremely rare occurrence and has only been observed twice in history. Something like this happens when a pocket of carbon dioxide builds underneath a body of water and is released due to something like an earthquake. The resulting explosion, caused by the rapid release of gas, is something to behold. The last time one happened, the death fog claimed over 1,700 lives.
Also goes by fire whirl, fire devil, fire twister and firenado. It's essentially a whirlwind made up of fire or ash. It's not often that these grow into full blown tornadoes.
Morning Glory Clouds
Another rarely seen natural phenomena are morning glory clouds. These clouds can be found in Burketown, Australia during late September to early November.
Morning Glory Clouds
It's believed that these are caused by frontal systems crossing low and high pressure air masses.
This tornado type of weather system is created when a tornado is formed in freezing cold temperatures and crosses over a warm body of water. The warm water gets carried upward in the vortex and cools quickly enough the it freezes, creating a column of snow.
These lens shaped clouds are called lenticular clouds. They form like normal tropospheric clouds, but they tend to form over mountains.
These clouds can form multiple layers, creating quite an interesting sight.
This colorful display of light over the night sky is thanks to cosmic rays, solar wind and magnetospheric plasma mixing with Earth's atmosphere. The aurora borealis is one of the most well known auroras.
A waterspout is like a snownado, minus the freezing weather. These columnar vortexes are intense and usually only form in tropical and subtropical climates.
Ball lightning can very from the size of a pea to several meters in diameter.
Not much is known about how they are created.
These puffy clouds are created by by sinking air, which is the opposite way most other clouds are formed.
Tidal Bores ignore the flow of a river and forms waves that go up the river against it's natural flow.
Also called mother of pearl clouds due to their soft pastel colors. These clouds are best seen in the first two hours after sunset occurs. For this phenomenon to happen, the clouds need to form in a frigid area of the lower stratosphere
This is an extremely rare occurring phenomenon that has only been seen once. Thankfully someone had a camera when it happened.